Search for  
 
 

top

Clickingany heading in the main data area (at right) will scroll the page backto this top position.

Use the following links tojump to the associated section in the main data.

Blunting Effect
Boring
Comments
Common Names
Common Uses
Countries of Distribution
Cutting Resistance
Distribution Overview
Drying Defects
Ease of Drying
Environmental Profile
Family Name
Gluing
Grain
Heartwood Color
Kiln Drying Rate
Kiln Schedules
Luster
Mortising
Moulding
Movement in Service
Nailing
Natural Durability
Natural Growth Defects
Numerical Data
Odor
Painting
Planing
Plantation species?
Polishing
Product Sources
References
Regions of Distribution
Resistance to Impregnation
Resistance to Splitting
Response to Hand Tools
Sanding
Sapwood Color
Scientific Name
Screwing
Staining
Strength Properties
Synonyms
Texture
Trade Name
Tree Identification
Turning
Veneering Qualities

Scientific Name
Eucalyptus deglupta

Trade Name
Deglupta

Family Name
Myrtaceae

Synonyms
Eucalyptus naudiniana


Wood Image 1

Wood Image 1

Common Names
Amamanit, Amamarit, Aren, Bagaras, Bagras, Banikag, Deglupta, Didia, Dinglas, Galang, Galong, Kamarere, Komo, Koyo, Kumo, Leda, Leda merah, Leda putih, Ledan, Magoyangit, Merah, Minanao gum, Mindaho gum, Mindanao gum, Moluccas, Ongkolan, Tampai, Tombulilato, Tomela, Tomelo

Plantation species?
Yes

Regions of Distribution
Africa, Central America, Latin America, Oceania and S.E. Asia

Countries of Distribution [VIEW MAP]
Australia, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Fiji [Polynesia], Fiji, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Thailand

Common Uses
Beams, Boat building (general), Boat building, Boat building: planking, Boxes and crates, Broom handles, Building construction, Building materials, Cabin construction, Cabinetmaking, Canoes, Charcoal, Concrete formwork, Construction, Cooperages, Decks, Domestic flooring, Excelsior, Factory construction, Factory flooring, Flooring, Form work, Foundation posts, Framing, Fuelwood, Furniture, Heavy construction, Interior construction, Interior trim, Joinery, Joists, Lifeboats, Light construction, Matches, Millwork, Mine timbers, Moldings, Paneling, Parquet flooring, Particleboard, Piling, Plywood corestock, Plywood, Poles, Porch columns, Posts, Precision instruments, Pulp/Paper products, Railroad ties, Rough construction, Shipbuilding, Sporting Goods, Sub-flooring, Tool handles, Turnery, Veneer

Environmental Profile
Generally secure within most of its natural habitat, but note exceptions.
Data source is World Conservation Monitoring Center

Its status in the wild is currently listed as unknown because of insufficient information in Papua New Guinea and Indonesia

Distribution Overview
Native to the Philippines and other western Pacific islands, including Australia and New Guinea. Favored as a plantation species throughout the world in lowland humid tropics.

Heartwood Color
Red
Reddish brown
Pale red to pink
Pale brown
Red
Brown
Yellow to golden-yellow to orange
Light red
Light brown
Dark brown


Sapwood Color
White to yellow
Pinkish
Color not distinct from heartwood
Whitish
Well defined
Paler than heartwood


Grain
Interlocked
Straight
Rippled (figure)
Figure
Even


Texture
Medium
Medium to coarse
Coarse
Medium


Luster
Lustrous
Slightly lustrous


Natural Growth Defects
Brittleheart is often frequent and extensive


Natural Durability
Very durable
Moderately durable
Susceptible to attack from powder post (Lyctid & Bostrychid) beetles
Non durable
Susceptible to attack from termites (Isoptera)
Resistant to attack from powder post (Lyctid & Bostrychid) beetles
Susceptible to marine borer attack
Sapwood is susceptible to wood staining fungal attack
Vulnerable to attack by powder-post beetles
Pinworm (ambrosia beetle) often present in the heartwood
Perishable
Moderately resistant to termite (Isoptera) attack
Heartwood susceptible to attack by decay fungi and insects.
Durable


Odor
No specific smell or taste


Kiln Schedules
Drying (speed) is fast
Kiln Drying Rate (in days) is fairly rapid
Dry at a slow speed
Dry at a moderate speed


Drying Defects
Moderate collapse and honeycombing
Slight twist/warp
Slight collapse and honeycomb
Moderate surface checking
Slight surface checking
Moderate twist/warp
Moderate end spitting

Timber from plantation grown trees are reported to dry with little degrade, but forest-grown wood has a tendency to collapse and is prone to honeycomb during drying.

Ease of Drying
Moderate
Difficult

Plantation grown wood is easier to dry than forest-grown material. Backsawn material is also difficult to kiln dry.

Kiln Drying Rate
Fairly rapid (11-17 days for boards under 32 mm, to 31-51 days for boards greater than 63 mm)


Tree Identification
Bole/stem form is straight
Bole/stem form is cylindrical
Bole/stem form is not buttressed


Product Sources

Comments
General finishing qualities are rated as good

Blunting Effect
Slight effect
Blunting effect on sawing green wood is moderate
Blunting effect on machining is moderate


Boring
Easy


Cutting Resistance
Cutting Resistance with green wood is easy
Cutting Resistance with dry wood is easy
Good sawing properties
Cutting Resistance with green wood is moderate
Cutting Resistance with green wood is difficult
Cutting Resistance with dry wood is moderate
Cutting Resistance with dry wood is difficult


Gluing
Easy to glue
Good properties


Mortising
Finishes well
Finishes satisfactorily


Moulding
Satisfactory moulding results


Movement in Service
Small
Medium


Nailing
Possible if prebored
Holds nails well
Good nailing properties
Easy to nail


Planing
Planes to a satisfactory finish
Easy to plane
Ease of planing is moderate
Planes well, to a good finish


Resistance to Impregnation
Sapwood is permeable
Heartwood is resistant
Heartwood is highly resistant
Heartwood is moderately resistant


Resistance to Splitting
Poor


Response to Hand Tools
Easy to machine
Moderate working qualities


Sanding
Good sanding finish
Very good characteristics
Easy to sand


Screwing
Screwing yields good results


Turning
Poor results


Veneering Qualities
No steaming needed during bolt preparation.
Difficult to glue


Painting
Good results


Polishing
Very good results
Good results


Staining
Finish is generally good
Stains well


Strength Properties
Density (dry weight) = 38-45 lbs/cu. ft.
Density (dry weight) = 23-30 lbs/cu. ft.
Bending strength (MOR) = low
Shrinkage, Radial = moderate
Shrinkage, Tangential = moderate
Shrinkage, Tangential = fairly large
Shrinkage, Radial = small
Max. crushing strength = low
Max. crushing strength = high
Density (dry weight) = 31-37 lbs/cu. ft.
Max. crushing strength = medium
Bending strength (MOR) = medium
Shrinkage, Tangential = large
Hardness (side grain) = very soft
Shrinkage, Tangential = small
Shrinkage, Radial = very small
Shrinkage, Radial = large
Shrinkage, Radial = fairly large
Hardness (side grain) = soft
Modulus of Elasticity (stiffness) = very low
Max. crushing strength (stiffness) = very low
Density (dry weight) = 46-52 lbs/cu. ft.
Density (dry weight) = 15-22 lbs/cu. ft.
Bending strength (MOR) = high
Shrinkage, Tangential = very small
Shearing strength (parallel to grain) = low
Modulus of Elasticity (stiffness) = medium
Modulus of Elasticity (stiffness) = low
Modulus of Elasticity (stiffness) = high
Bending strength (MOR) = very low


Numerical Data
ItemGreenDryEnglish
Bending Strength882613515psi
Crushing Strength7141328psi
Density36lbs/ft3
Hardness823lbs
Maximum Crushing Strength51677799psi
Shearing Strength1492psi
Static Bending695810094psi
Stiffness148617451000 psi
Toughness159inch-lbs
Specific Gravity0.51
Weight3525lbs/ft3
Radial Shrinkage3%
Tangential Shrinkage7%
ItemGreenDryMetric
Bending Strength620950kg/cm2
Crushing Strength5093kg/cm2
Density576kg/m3
Hardness373kg
Maximum Crushing Strength363548kg/cm2
Shearing Strength104kg/cm2
Static Bending489709kg/cm2
Stiffness1041221000 kg/cm2
Toughness183cm-kg
Specific Gravity0.51
Weight560400kg/m3
Radial Shrinkage3%

References
Alston, A.S.,1966,Powder Post Beetle Lyctus Species,Fiji Forestry Department, Suva. Fiji timbers and their uses No.6

Alston, A.S.,1982,Timbers of Fiji: Properties and potential uses,Fiji Forestry Department, Suva

Bolza, E., Kloot, N. H. 1966. The Mechanical Properties of 81 New Guinea Timbers. Technological Paper No. 41. Division of Forest Products, Center for Scientific and Industrial Organization (CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia

Bolza, E., Kloot, N.H.,1972,The Mechanical Properties of 56 Fijian Timbers,Australia C.S.I.R.O. Division of Forest Products Technological Paper,No.,62

Bolza, E., Kloot, N.H.,1976,The Mechanical Properties of 81 New Guinea Timbers,C.S.I.R.O. Div. Building Res. Tec.Paper (2nd series) 11

Bolza, E.,1975,Properties and Uses of 175 Timber Species from Papua New Guinea and West,Irian,C.S.I.R.O. Div. Building Research Report,no.34

Brown, W.H.,1978,Timbers of the World, No. 8 Australasia,TRADA, Red Booklet Series

C.S.I.R.O., Division of Building Research,1977,CSIRO, Division of Building Research, Information service Sheet No. 10-11,Kamararee,CSIRO, Division of Building Research, Information service, Melbourne,,Australia

Cameron, S.,1945,Some Notes on Utilisation of Timbers in the South-West Pacific,New Zealand Journal of Forestry Volume 5(2) 117-127

Chudnoff, M.,1984,Tropical Timbers of the World,U.S.A. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products,Laboratory, Madison.

Da Costa, E.W.B., Osborne, L.D.,1967,Comparative decay resistance of 26 New Guinea timber species in,accelerated laboratory tests,Comm. Forestry Review 46(1) pp63-74

EcoTimber International, San Francisco, California. Personal Communication, 1993.

Eddowes, P.J. 1977. Commercial Timbers of Papua New Guinea - Their Properties and Uses. Forest Products Research Center, Office of Forests, Department of Primary Industry, Papua New Guinea.

Eddowes, P.J.,1977,Commercial Timbers of Papua New Guinea: Their Properties and Uses,Hebano Press, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

Fiji Forestry Department,1970,The Properties and Potential Uses of the Exotic Species, No.3,Eucalyptus deglupta A Summary of CSIRO Investigations,Fiji Forestry Department, Fiji Timbers and their Uses No.43

Fiji Forestry Department,1981,The Properties and Uses of 43 Indigenous and Exotic Timbers,Fiji Forestry Department, Fiji Timbers and their Uses No.71

Gay, F.J., Et al,1955,Standard laboratory colonies of termites for evaluating the resistance of,timber, timber preservatives and other materials to termite attack.,C.S.I.R.O., Australia Bulletin,No.277

Gua, B.E.,1988,Observation on timber samples of eighteen research and plantation species,Forest Research Note, Solomon Islands Forestry Division Number 53 21/88

Gueneau, P.,1969,Caracteristiques et Utilisations de L'Eucalyptus Robusta a Madagascar,Bois et Forets des Tropiques No.124, 53-65

Haslett, A.N.; Young, G.D. and Britton, R.A.J.,1991,Plantation grown Tropical Timbers. 2. Properties, Processing and Uses,Journal of Tropical Forest Science 3(3):229-237

Hillis, W.E. and A.G. Brown, Editors. 1984. Eucalyptus for Wood Production. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Academic Press, Australia.

Keating, W.G., Bolza, E.,1982,Characteristics properties and uses of timbers. South East Asia, Northern,Australia and the Pacific,C.S.I.R.O. Div. Chemical Technology,Inkata Press,1

Kloot, N.H. and E. Bolza. 1961. Properties of Timbers Imported into Australia. Division of Forest Products Technological Paper No. 12. Commonwealth scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Melbourne, Australia

Kraemer, J.H.,1951,Trees of the Western Pacific Region,West Lafayette, Indiana U.S.A.

Natawiria, D., Et al,1973,Percobaan Pencegahan Serangan Rayap Macrotermes Gilvis Hagen Pada Tanaman,kayu putih (Melalenca leucadendron) di Cikampek,Lamporan Lembaga Penelitian Hutan No.73

Papua New Guinea Department of Forests,1972,New Horizons,Forestry in Papua New Guinea,Jacaranda Press PTY Ltd, Brisbane

Papua New Guinea,1982,Papua New Guinea timbers - technical data,Forest Industries Council P.N.G.

Phillips, F.H., Logan, A.F.,1976,Papua New Guinea hardwoods: Future source of raw materials for pulping and,papermaking,Appita 30(1) pp29-40

Poynton, R.J.,1957,Notes on Exotic Forest Trees in South Africa (Second Edition, Revised,South African Forestry Department Bulletin No.38

Reyes, L.J.,1938,Philippine Woods,Commonwealth of the Philippines Department of Agriculture and Commerce,Technical Bulletin,No.7

Rizzini, C.T.,1978,Arvores e Madeiras Uteis do Brasil: Manual de Dendrologia Brasileira,Editora Edgard Blucher LTDA Brazil

Salleh, M.N. and W.C. Wong,1989,Utilization of Forest Plantation Trees.,Recent Developments in Tree,Plantations of Humid/Subhumid Tropics of Asia, 5-9 June 1989 Universiti,Pertanian Malaysia Proceedings of a Regional Symposium,Faculty of Forestry Universiti Pertanian Malaysia

Takahashi, A.,1975,Compilation of data on the Mechanical Properties of Foreign Woods (Part 2,Central and South America,Shimane University, Japan, Research Report on Foreign Wood No.4

Tamolang, F.N., Martawijaya, A., Kartasujana, I., Kadir, K., Parwira, S.,1992,Indonesian Wood Atlas Volume II,Department of Forestry, Agency for Forestry Research and Development,,Bogor-Indonesia

Tamolang, F.R. and Rocafort, J.E.,1987,Physico-Mechanical Properties and Possible Uses of Eleven Plantation-Grown,Timber Species in the Philippines,FPRDI-Journal 16:1-2,75-85

The Ecological Trading Company Limited (ETC, Newcastle upon Tyre, United Kingdom.

Tsumoto, T., Karasawa, H.,1975,The Properties of Tropical Woods 21,Government of Japan Forest Experimental Station Bulletin,No.227

Van der Slooten, H.J., Llach Cordero, L.,1969,Physical and mechanical properties of Eucalyptus deglupta Blume grown in,Costa Rica,Turrialba 19(2) 284-90

WCMC. 1992. Conservation Status Listing - Trees and Timbers of the World. World Conservation Monitoring Center - Plants Programme, Cambridge, CB3 ODL, United Kingdom.

Yoji Kikata (ed.,1991,The promotion of Lesser-known Species and Plantation-grown species,Proceedings of the International Forest Products Workshop, 14 to 15,October, 1991, Nagoya University, Japan








Search the web for anything relating to wood and forest products.


























Search the web for anything relating to wood and forest products.